Science

  • Microsoft investing $50 million in AI climate-change program
    on December 15, 2017 at 11:20 pm

    Microsoft announced recently that it would invest $50 million in a program that provides cloud-computing services and other resources to organizations working on climate change and environmental technology. […]

  • Italy says Amazon will pay $118 million to end tax dispute
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:22 pm

    Italian tax authorities say Amazon will pay 100 million euros ($118 million) to end a dispute over its tax payments from 2011-2015. […]

  • With Christmas nearing, retailers feel pressure to deliver
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:21 pm

    The pressure to deliver for online shoppers is on. […]

  • Report: NASA should develop US strategy for international space station beyond 2024
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:19 pm

    Although NASA has made progress toward the overall space exploration science priorities recommended in a 2011 decadal survey by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the space agency should raise the priority of scientific research that addresses the risks and unknowns of human space exploration. This heightened priority is particularly important given the limited remaining lifetime of the International Space Station (ISS) - the most significant destination for microgravity research - and because the U.S. currently does not have a strategy for the station beyond 2024, says a new midterm assessment report by the National Academies. […]

  • Complex, old-growth forests may protect some bird species in a warming climate
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:18 pm

    Old forests that contain large trees and a diversity of tree sizes and species may offer refuge to some types of birds facing threats in a warming climate, scientists have found. […]

  • Civil engineer patents integrated sensor and algorithm to monitor stiffness in soils
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:14 pm

    Anand Puppala, associate dean for research in the College of Engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington and a civil engineering professor, recently was awarded a patent for developing a sensor system with an algorithm that will expedite field assessment of stabilization of high sulfate soils near bridges and roads. […]

  • Discovery could reduce cost, energy for high-speed Internet connections
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:13 pm

    Breakthrough research from The University of Texas at Arlington and The University of Vermont could lead to a dramatic reduction in the cost and energy consumption of high-speed internet connections. […]

  • Single-photon detector can count to four
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:12 pm

    Engineers have shown that a widely used method of detecting single photons can also count the presence of at least four photons at a time. The researchers say this discovery will unlock new capabilities in physics labs working in quantum information science around the world, while providing easier paths to developing quantum-based technologies. […]

  • Google hit with lawsuit alleging fraud in ad-scam refunds
    on December 15, 2017 at 8:10 pm

    Online advertising agency AdTrader has sued Google in federal court, accusing it of fraud and deceit for not refunding or crediting advertisers whose ads were targeted in scams. […]

  • Wary of Trump, some foreign-born tech workers choose Canada, not Silicon Valley
    on December 15, 2017 at 7:00 pm

    Petra Axolotl knew her chances of getting an H-1B visa were slim. She had an MBA from Wharton and a job offer at Twitter, but luck would decide the Dutch data scientist's fate—and in 2016, it did not fall in her favor. […]

  • Genetic instructions from mom set the pattern for embryonic development
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:31 pm

    A new study indicates an essential role for a maternally inherited gene in embryonic development. The study found that zebrafish that failed to inherit specific genetic instructions from mom developed fatal defects earlier in development, even if the fish could make their own version of the gene. The study by researchers at Princeton University was published Nov. 15 in the journal eLife. […]

  • Companies turn your Facebook friends into a sales force
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:30 pm

    Betsy Stover was 17 when her mother asked her to help fax strangers, hawking a service that had the markings of a pyramid scheme. […]

  • NASA sees Tropical Storm Kai-Tak moving over the Philippines
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:27 pm

    NASA's Aqua satellite provided infrared imagery of Tropical Storm Kai-Tak that revealed the western side of storm had moved into the southern and central Philippines. Infrared data revealed very cold cloud top temperatures with the potential for heavy rainfall. […]

  • Graphene in zero G promises success in space
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:27 pm

    In a successful collaboration between the Graphene Flagship and the European Space Agency, experiments testing graphene for two different space-related applications have shown extremely promising results. Based on these results, the Flagship are continuing to develop graphene devices for use in space. […]

  • How much can late Permian ecosystems tell us about modern Earth? A lot.
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:26 pm

    A whopping two hundred and fifty-two million years ago, Earth was crawling with bizarre animals, including dinosaur cousins resembling Komodo dragons and bulky early mammal-relatives, millions of years before dinosaurs even existed. New research shows us that the Permian equator was both a literal and figurative hotspot: it was, for the most part, a scorching hot desert, on top of having a concentration of unique animals. Here, you could find ancient crocodile-sized amphibians right next to newly evolved dinosaur and croc relatives. Many of these species were wiped out after an extinction which changed life on the planet forever. […]

  • How much soil goes down the drain—new data on soil lost due to water
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:24 pm

    According to a new study by the University of Basel, the European Commission - Joint Research Centre and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH, UK), almost 36 billion tons of soil is lost every year due to water, and deforestation and other changes in land use make the problem worse. The study also offers ideas on how agriculture can change to become a part of the solution from being part of the problem […]

  • Heavy oils and petroleum coke raising vanadium emissions
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:23 pm

    Human emissions of the potentially harmful trace metal vanadium into Earth's atmosphere have spiked sharply since the start of the 21st century due in large part to industry's growing use of heavy oils, tar sands, bitumen and petroleum coke for energy, a new Duke University study finds. […]

  • Error-free into the quantum computer age
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:22 pm

    A study led by physicists at Swansea University in Wales, carried out by an international team of researchers and published in the journal Physical Review X shows that ion-trap technologies available today are suitable for building large-scale quantum computers. The scientists introduce trapped-ion quantum error correction protocols that detect and correct processing errors. […]

  • A shoe-box-sized chemical detector
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:10 pm

    A chemical sensor prototype developed at the University of Michigan will be able to detect "single-fingerprint quantities" of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away, and its developers are working to shrink it to the size of a shoebox. […]

  • Space station research explorer on NASA.gov launches phase one
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:05 pm

    Researchers, prospective partners, media professionals, students, and space enthusiasts now have more space station science at their fingertips with Space Station Research Explorer on NASA.gov (SSRE on NASA.gov). The new information exploration tool enables researchers, practiced and amateur alike, to stay up-to-date with the science being conducted aboard the International Space Station. […]

  • 'Last Jedi' will play a big role as Disney takes on Netflix
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 pm

    Few would dare underestimate the cultural and commercial power of "Star Wars." The latest movie in the Skywalker saga, "Star Wars: The Last Jedi," is sure to have one of the biggest opening weekends of the year, with an estimated $425 million in its global premiere. […]

  • This home-sharing startup is taking on Airbnb, using cryptocurrency instead of dollars
    on December 15, 2017 at 4:10 pm

    Airbnb may be the biggest home-sharing game in town, but a new startup is trying to push its way into the market. […]

  • Review: Apple Watch Series 3 has LTE to stay connected without a nearby iPhone
    on December 15, 2017 at 4:00 pm

    Apple has conquered the smart watch market. […]

  • Tech support scams hitting more computer users online
    on December 15, 2017 at 3:50 pm

    For consumers who turn over control of their computers to remote technicians online, the fix may already be in. […]

  • Twitch will stream NBA G League games and let its livestreamers do play-by-play
    on December 15, 2017 at 3:40 pm

    Twitch made its mark as the place to watch video gamers in action. But over the past two years, the Amazon-owned property has expanded its offerings to include livestreams of artists, musicians and even knitters. […]

  • Seattle imposes new limits on Airbnb, other short-term rentals
    on December 15, 2017 at 3:30 pm

    By limiting the number of homes that property owners can operate as short-term rentals for visitors, can Seattle preserve its housing stock for locals? […]

  • Fast lanes may be coming to web: End of net neutrality could bring new fees for speed, reliability
    on December 15, 2017 at 3:20 pm

    With federal regulators poised to repeal net neutrality rules this week, your internet service provider would be allowed to speed up delivery of some online content to your home or phone. […]

  • Real-time observation of collective quantum modes
    on December 15, 2017 at 3:17 pm

    A cylindrical rod is rotationally symmetric - after any arbitrary rotation around its axis it always looks the same. If an increasingly large force is applied to it in the longitudinal direction, however, it will eventually buckle and lose its rotational symmetry. Such processes, known as "spontaneous symmetry breaking", also occur in subtle ways in the microscopic quantum world, where they are responsible for a number of fundamental phenomena such as magnetism and superconductivity. A team of researchers led by ETH professor Tilman Esslinger and Senior Scientist Tobias Donner at the Institute for Quantum Electronics has now studied the consequences of spontaneous symmetry breaking in detail using a quantum simulator. The results of their research have recently been published in the scientific journal Science. […]

  • In first, SpaceX launches recycled rocket and spaceship (Update)
    on December 15, 2017 at 3:17 pm

    For the first time, SpaceX on Friday blasted off both a rocket and a cargo ship that have flown before, a step forward in the company's goal to lower the cost of spaceflight. […]

  • Facebook: Russia spent 97 cents meddling in Brexit vote
    on December 15, 2017 at 3:14 pm

    Facebook's investigation into whether Russia tried to influence Britain's vote to leave the European Union yielded just three suspicious ads viewed no more than 200 times over four days, the social media firm said Wednesday. […]

  • How much can late Permian ecosystems tell us about modern Earth? A lot
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    New paleontological research shows that during the late Permian, the equator was dry and desert-like, yet surprisingly a hotspot for biodiversity. Similarly to modern rainforests, equator ecosystems were home to a unique diversity of species, including those both anciently and newly evolved. After the late Permian extinction, this diversity was decimated, and the climate change event that triggered an extinction back then is informative as we move forward with protecting our planet's species diversity. […]

  • Distinct human mutations can alter the effect of medicine
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    About one third of all medicine binds to the same type of receptor in the human body. An estimated 3 percent of the population have receptors of this type that are so genetically different that they are predisposed to altered, ineffective or adverse responses to medicine, a new study from the University of Copenhagen and the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge shows. […]

  • How much soil goes down the drain -- New data on soil lost due to water
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    According to a new study, almost 36 billion tons of soil is lost every year due to water, and deforestation and other changes in land use make the problem worse. The study also offers ideas on how agriculture can change to become a part of the solution from being part of the problem. […]

  • NASA sees Tropical Storm Kai-Tak moving over the Philippines
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    NASA's Aqua satellite provided infrared imagery of Tropical Storm Kai-Tak that revealed the western side of storm had moved into the southern and central Philippines. Infrared data revealed very cold cloud top temperatures with the potential for heavy rainfall. […]

  • Study prompts new ideas on cancers' origins
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    Cancer therapies often target cells that grow and divide rapidly, such as stem cells, but in studying how stomach cancers occur, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that even when the stomach isn't able to make stem cells, other cells in the stomach can begin to divide and contribute to precancerous lesions. […]

  • KAIST team develops technology to find optimum drug target for cancer
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    A KAIST research team led by Professor Kwang-Hyun Cho of the Department of Bio and Brain Engineering developed technology to find the optimum drug target according to the type of cancer cell. The team used systems biology to analyze molecular network dynamics that reflect genetic mutations in cancer cells and to predict drug response. The technology could contribute greatly to future anti-cancer drug development. […]

  • Erectile dysfunction is red flag for silent early cardiovascular disease
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    Despite decades long prevention and treatment efforts, cardiovascular (CV) disease continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide. Early detection of CV disease can allow for interventions to prevent heart attack and stroke, including smoking cessation, medications such as a statins, blood pressure control, weight management, exercise, and improved diet. A new study published online first today in the journal Vascular Medicine, focuses on a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease that rarely receives attention -- erectile dysfunction. […]

  • Stuttering: Stop signals in the brain prevent fluent speech
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    A hyperactive network inhibits the flow of speech. […]

  • Complete design of a silicon quantum computer chip unveiled
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    Research teams all over the world are exploring different ways to design a working computing chip that can integrate quantum interactions. Now, Australian and Dutch engineers believe they have cracked the problem, reimagining the silicon microprocessors we know to create a complete design for a quantum computer chip that can be manufactured using mostly standard industry processes and components. […]

  • Research points to second chance for rejected antibiotic candidate
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    An antibiotic candidate compound shelved in the 1970s in favour of more worthwhile drugs could be worth a second look, new research has found. […]

  • Exposure to larger air particles linked to increased risk of asthma in children
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University report statistical evidence that children exposed to airborne coarse particulate matter -- a mix of dust, sand and non-exhaust tailpipe emissions, such as tire rubber -- are more likely to develop asthma and need emergency room or hospital treatment for it than unexposed children. […]

  • A shoe-box-sized chemical detector
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    A chemical sensor prototype developed at the University of Michigan will be able to detect 'single-fingerprint quantities' of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away, and its developers are working to shrink it to the size of a shoebox. […]

  • Heavy-petroleum fuels raising vanadium emissions
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    Human emissions of the potentially harmful trace metal vanadium into Earth's atmosphere have spiked sharply since the start of the 21st century due in large part to industry's growing use of heavy oils, tar sands, bitumen and petroleum coke for energy, a new Duke study finds. These emissions now exceed those from all natural sources combined. Growing evidence suggests exposure to vanadium-rich aerosols can impair respiratory functions and exacerbate conditions such as asthma or COPD. […]

  • Arctic sea ice affects and is affected by mid-latitude weather
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    New work by Dr Michael Kelleher and Prof James Screen from the University of Exeter find evidence that sea ice change is both a driver of and a response to atmospheric variability. […]

  • Error-free into the quantum computer age
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    A study led by physicists at Swansea University in Wales, carried out by an international team of researchers and published in the journal Physical Review X shows that ion-trap technologies available today are suitable for building large-scale quantum computers. The scientists introduce trapped-ion quantum error correction protocols that detect and correct processing errors. […]

  • Genetic study uncovers fungal sex secrets, which shed light on candidiasis
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    A new genetic analysis of fungal yeast infections (candidiasis) from around the world has revealed surprising secrets about how these microbes reproduce and cause disease, according to a new study published in Current Biology from researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, Spain. […]

  • A new theory to describe widely used material
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    LiU researcher Klas Tybrandt has put forward a theoretical model that explains the coupling between ions and electrons in the widely used conducting polymer PEDOT:PSS. The model has profound implications for applications in printed electronics, energy storage in paper, and bioelectronics. […]

  • Nanoparticles as a solution against antibiotic resistance?
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    Scientists of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany succeeded in developing an efficient method to treat mucoviscidosis. Crucial are nanoparticles that transport the antibiotics more efficiently to their destination. First of all, the active particles need to have a certain size to be able to reach the deeper airways and not to bounce off somewhere else before. Ultimately, they have to penetrate the thick layer of mucus on the airways as well as the lower layers of the bacteria biofilm. […]

  • More electronic materials opened up with new metal-organic framework
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    More materials for electronic applications could be identified, thanks to the discovery of a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that displays electrical semiconduction with a record high photoresponsivity, by a global research collaboration involving the University of Warwick. […]

  • Russian scientists developed a new technology of energy generation from bituminous coal
    on December 15, 2017 at 5:00 am

    A team from Ural Federal University (UrFU) developed a new efficient technology of electrical power generation from bituminous coal. The results of the study were published in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. […]